Modern approaches to education and knowledge transfer use findings of various studies on learning principles. They are derived from neurobiological research or based on experiential learning theories. The later - experiential learning theories - will be discussed in this chapter.

Experiential learning theory (ELT) is one of the most famous approaches especially in the higher education. Experiential learning theory and learning styles find their application in wide range of disciplines. It is used in education to improve students’ learning abilities, and in management to improve teams’ performances. Theory of learning styles is also useful in computer and information science particularly to study end-user software use and end-user training. They can be applied in medicine and nursing to improve patient/physician or patient/nurse relationship.